The Refugee Jurist and American Law Schools, 1933-1941

42 Pages Posted: 9 Jul 2010

See all articles by Kyle Graham

Kyle Graham

Santa Clara University School of Law

Date Written: August 2002


This paper documents an important episode in the development of the “modern” American law school. Starting in 1933, law schools were invited to “host” or permanently welcome onto their faculties European jurists displaced by the German National Socialist government. At first, law schools sensed an opportunity to affiliate themselves with some of the leading lights of German “scientism.” Over time, however, these same institutions concluded that younger émigré scholars were more capable than their older counterparts were of embracing “American” practices of law teaching and scholarship. This article, drawing upon various archival sources, traces this transition, its causes, and its consequences.

Keywords: law schools, law professors, legal history, Germany

Suggested Citation

Graham, Kyle, The Refugee Jurist and American Law Schools, 1933-1941 (August 2002). American Journal of Comparative Law, Vol. 50, No. 4, 2002. Available at SSRN:

Kyle Graham (Contact Author)

Santa Clara University School of Law ( email )

500 El Camino Real
Santa Clara, CA 95053
United States

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