Gender Inequality in Secondary and Higher Education of Eritrea: Issues and Perspectives

International Journal of Education Economics and Development, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp.14-35, 2009

Posted: 22 Dec 2009  

Prof. Ravinder Rena

North-West University; Polytechnic of Namibia; University of the Western Cape; Papua New Guinea University of Technology

Date Written: June 10, 2009

Abstract

The women play a key role in economic growth and development. World Bank and IMF studies have shown that the economies of the developing countries are losing billions of US dollars because women are still discriminated against in economic life. Eritrean women contribute largely for the freedom and economic development. The girls’ education during the colonial periods is found to be gloomy but the situation improved after the independence in terms of girls’ number in the schools. The ideological construction of gender identities in the country promotes males as being more important in the society. This paper examines some of the rationale for the women’s education and the discrimination against them in Eritrea. The paper highlights the girls’ participation in education both at secondary and tertiary levels. The paper argues that girls’ and women’s access to secondary education is not optimal for them to achieve their empowerment and finally it entails from stakeholders to join hands to empower women in all dimensions (i.e., economically, socially, politically, psychologically and technologically) so that they can fulfill their potentials for sustainable development.

Keywords: gender inequality, school education, tertiary education,empowerment, human capital, Eritrea

JEL Classification: A22, I21, I22, I23, I28

Suggested Citation

Rena, Prof. Ravinder, Gender Inequality in Secondary and Higher Education of Eritrea: Issues and Perspectives (June 10, 2009). International Journal of Education Economics and Development, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp.14-35, 2009. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1527109

Ravinder Rena (Contact Author)

North-West University ( email )

Hoffman Street
Potchefstroom, 2520
South Africa

HOME PAGE: http://www.nwu.ac.za

Polytechnic of Namibia ( email )

13 Storch Street
Private Bag 13388
Windhoek, Khomas 13388
Namibia

HOME PAGE: http://www.polytechnic.edu.na

University of the Western Cape ( email )

Private Bag X 17
Economics, Faculty of Economic and Management Scie
Bellville, Western Cape 7535
South Africa
0027219593624 (Phone)
0027219593201 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.uwc.ac.za

Papua New Guinea University of Technology ( email )

Private Mail Bag 411
Lae, Morobe 411
Papua New Guinea

HOME PAGE: http://www.unitech.ac.pg

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