New Challenges in Southern Africa: From Regional Conflict to Internal Reconstruction

The Brown Journal of World Affairs, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 179-188, Winter 1994

10 Pages Posted: 23 Dec 2009

Date Written: 1994

Abstract

With the possible exception of the Horn of Africa, arguably no other African region has been subject to multiple traumas such as those endured by Southern Africa. From the brutal Portuguese colonization to the vicious civil wars in Angola and Mozambique, not to mention the ravages of apartheid in South Africa and Namibia, the last four hundred years have seen sheer brutality of man over fellow man. Since 1990, however, there has been a steady reversal of the conditions that have historically caused violence in the region. In this article, the author examines this legacy and the struggle to construct politically viable states from a human rights dimension. Although countries in the region are states juridically, they lack the other essential ingredients of stable statehood, such as nationally committed political classes, a loyal citizenry with a sense of civic duty, and a strong base for economic development. Unless emergent democracies develop such variables, the experiment with open and free societies may fail. Human rights can only be secured when these fundamental questions on the viability of the state are successfully addressed.

Keywords: Southern Africa, Apartheid, Violence, Colonial, Democratic, Conflict

Suggested Citation

Mutua, Makau, New Challenges in Southern Africa: From Regional Conflict to Internal Reconstruction (1994). The Brown Journal of World Affairs, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 179-188, Winter 1994, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1527503

Makau Mutua (Contact Author)

SUNY Buffalo Law School ( email )

626 O'Brian Hall
Buffalo, NY 14260-1100
United States
716 645-2311 (Phone)

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