Essay: Pledging Allegiance

37 Pages Posted: 25 Dec 2009

Date Written: 2003


This Essay focuses on the Pledge of Allegiance requirement and its place in public schools. It begins with an analysis of a typical, but certainly not isolated, approach of the Minnesota Legislature, following September 11, in passing a bill that required recitation of the Pledge. This Essay then moves to a discussion of the events surrounding the 1943 United States Supreme Court decision in West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette and how Barnette has subsequently been interpreted. Finally, this Essay discusses the probable impact of the Minnesota Constitution on the Pledge Bill, should it pass in this legislative session.

Keywords: public schools, Pledge of Allegiance, Minnesota Constitution, First Amendment

Suggested Citation

Steenson, Michael K., Essay: Pledging Allegiance (2003). William Mitchell Law Review, Vol. 29, No. 3, 2003, Available at SSRN:

Michael K. Steenson (Contact Author)

Mitchell Hamline School of Law ( email )

875 Summit Ave
St. Paul, MN 55105-3076
United States
651-290-6366 (Phone)
651-290-6406 (Fax)

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