Tanzania’s Recent Economic Reform: An Analysis
TransAfrica Forum, Vol. 5, No. 2, Winter 1988
20 Pages Posted: 25 Dec 2009 Last revised: 30 Dec 2009
Date Written: 1988
In October 1985 Mwalimu Julius Nyerere voluntarily stepped down as President of Tanzania and ostensibly handed state power over to his hand-picked successor, Ali Hassan Mwinyi. During his twenty-five years as president, Mwalimu Nyerere strongly pursued and defended Ujamaa, the policy of “African Socialism and Self-Reliance.” Ironically, at the time of his resignation, Tanzania was as far from being “socialist” or “self reliant” as it had ever been: The country’s economy had all but collapsed. Significantly, Mwalimu’s resignation started a re-evaluation of the nation’s economic policies and the implementation of domestic economic reforms whose aim was the creation of more room for market forces. This piece attempts to assess the viability of the current Tanzanian economic reforms within the context of that nation’s political economy and in relation to the global capitalist economy of which it is part.
Keywords: Tanzania, Economic Reform, Mwalimu Julius Nyerere, Ali Hassan Mwinyi, Ujamma, Socialist, Market forces
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