Climate Change and Unresolved Issues in WTO Law

Posted: 28 Dec 2009

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: December 2009


This article analyzes several unresolved issues in World Trade Organization (WTO) law that may affect the WTO-consistency of measures that are likely to be taken to address climate change. How should the WTO deal with environmental subsidies under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), the Agreement on Agriculture and the Subsidies and Countervailing Measures (SCM) Agreement? Can the general exceptions in GATT Article XX be applied to other agreements in Annex 1A? Are processing and production methods relevant to determining the issue of ‘like products’ in GATT Articles I and III, the SCM Agreement and the Antidumping Agreement and the TBT Agreement? What is the scope of paragraphs b and g in GATT Article XX and the relationship between these two paragraphs? What is the relationship between GATT Article XX and multilateral environmental agreements in the context of climate change? How should Article 2 of the TBT Agreement be interpreted and applied in the context of climate change? The article explores these issues.

Suggested Citation

Condon, Bradly J., Climate Change and Unresolved Issues in WTO Law (December 2009). Journal of International Economic Law, Vol. 12, Issue 4, pp. 895-926, 2009, Available at SSRN: or

Bradly J. Condon (Contact Author)

ITAM - School of Law ( email )

Rio Hondo No. 1
Col. Tizapan-San Angel, 01000
52 55 56 28 40 00 x3789 (Phone)
52 55 56 28 40 49 (Fax)

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics