Application of Calixarene Ionophores in Pvc-Based Ion Selective Electrodes for Heavy Metal Detection

The IUP Journal of Chemistry, Vol. II, No. 4, pp. 67-78, December 2009

Posted: 5 Jan 2010

See all articles by Sonika Tyagi

Sonika Tyagi

Central University

Himanshu Agarwal

Lajpat Rai Post Graduate College

Saiqa Ikram

Jamia Millia Islamia (Central University)

Date Written: January 3, 2010

Abstract

Functionalized calixarene molecules 26, 28-dihydroxy-25, 27-dimethoxycalix[4]arene-11, 23-diphosphonic acid for Pb(II) and 25, 26, 27, 28-tetra-(2-dimethydithiocarbamolyethoxy) calix[4]arene for Hg(II) were tested as possible ionophores in Ion Selective Electrodes (ISEs) and successfully applied for the detection of heavy metal ions from environmental and industrial wastewaters. These membrane electrodes based on calixarene sensors are active in the pH range of 5.5-8.5. Calixarene sensors worked satisfactorily in aqueous as well as non-aqueous media up to 25% (v/v) non-aqueous content, and the life time of the sensors was observed to be five months. Potentiometric selectivity coefficients as determined by Match Potential Method (MPM) indicate excellent selectivity for Pb2 and Hg2 ions. The sensors could be used successfully in the estimation of lead and mercury in electrochemical battery wastes and also as indicator electrodes in potentiometric titration.

Keywords: Calixarene ionophores, PVC, Ion Selective Electrodes (ISEs), Pb2 and Hg2 , Potentiometry

Suggested Citation

Tyagi, Sonika and Agarwal, Himanshu and Ikram, Saiqa, Application of Calixarene Ionophores in Pvc-Based Ion Selective Electrodes for Heavy Metal Detection (January 3, 2010). The IUP Journal of Chemistry, Vol. II, No. 4, pp. 67-78, December 2009. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1530947

Sonika Tyagi (Contact Author)

Central University ( email )

New Delhi, Haryana 110025
India

Himanshu Agarwal

Lajpat Rai Post Graduate College ( email )

Sahibabad 201005
India

Saiqa Ikram

Jamia Millia Islamia (Central University) ( email )

Jamia Nagar
New Delhi, New Delhi 122002
India

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