Cyclical Patterns of Government Expenditures in Sub-Saharan Africa: Facts and Factors

32 Pages Posted: 5 Jan 2010

See all articles by Victor Lledo

Victor Lledo

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Irene Yackovlev

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Lucie Gadenne

University College London

Date Written: December 2009

Abstract

This paper documents cyclical patterns of government expenditures in sub-Saharan Africa since 1970 and explains variation between countries and over time. Controlling for endogeneity, it finds government expenditures to be slightly more procyclical in sub-Saharan Africa than in other developing countries and some evidence that procyclicality in Africa has declined in recent years after a period of sharp increase through the 1990s. Greater fiscal space, proxied by lower external debt, and better access to concessional financing, proxied by larger aid flows, seem to be important factors in diminishing procyclicality in the region. The role of institutions is less clear cut: Changes in political institutions have no impact on procyclicality.

Keywords: Aid flows, Business cycles, Capital flows, Cross country analysis, Developing countries, Economic models, External debt, Fiscal policy, Government expenditures, Political economy, Sub-Saharan Africa

Suggested Citation

Lledo, Victor and Yackovlev, Irene and Gadenne, Lucie, Cyclical Patterns of Government Expenditures in Sub-Saharan Africa: Facts and Factors (December 2009). IMF Working Papers, Vol. , pp. 1-31, 2009. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1531507

Victor Lledo (Contact Author)

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

Irene Yackovlev

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

Lucie Gadenne

University College London ( email )

Gower Street
London, WC1E 6BT
United Kingdom

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