Download this Paper Open PDF in Browser

Econometric Methods for Causal Evaluation of Education Policies and Practices: A Non-Technical Guide

42 Pages Posted: 9 Jan 2010  

Martin Schlotter

Bavarian Ministry for Economic Affairs,Infrastructure, Transport an Technology

Guido Schwerdt

University of Konstanz - Faculty of Economics and Statistics

Ludger Woessmann

Ifo Institute for Economic Research; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research); University of Munich - Ifo Institute for Economic Research

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: December 2009

Abstract

Education policy-makers and practitioners want to know which policies and practices can best achieve their goals. But research that can inform evidence-based policy often requires complex methods to distinguish causation from accidental association. Avoiding econometric jargon and technical detail, this paper explains the main idea and intuition of leading empirical strategies devised to identify causal impacts and illustrates their use with real-world examples. It covers six evaluation methods: controlled experiments, lotteries of oversubscribed programs, instrumental variables, regression discontinuities, differences-indifferences, and panel-data techniques. Illustrating applications include evaluations of early-childhood interventions, voucher lotteries, funding programs for disadvantaged, and compulsory-school and tracking reforms.

Keywords: causal effects, education, policy evaluation, non-technical guide

JEL Classification: I20, C01

Suggested Citation

Schlotter, Martin and Schwerdt, Guido and Woessmann, Ludger, Econometric Methods for Causal Evaluation of Education Policies and Practices: A Non-Technical Guide (December 2009). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 2877. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1532664

Martin Schlotter

Bavarian Ministry for Economic Affairs,Infrastructure, Transport an Technology ( email )

Prinzregentenstraße 28
Munich, Bavaria 01069
Germany
+49(0)8921622275 (Phone)

Guido Schwerdt

University of Konstanz - Faculty of Economics and Statistics ( email )

Universitaetsstr. 10
78457 Konstanz
Germany

Ludger Woessmann (Contact Author)

Ifo Institute for Economic Research ( email )

Poschingerstr. 5
Munich
Germany
++49 89 9224 1699 (Phone)
++49 89 9224 1460 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.cesifo.de/link/woessmann_l.htm

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

University of Munich - Ifo Institute for Economic Research

Schackstr. 4
Munich, 80539
Germany

Paper statistics

Downloads
221
Rank
98,205
Abstract Views
934