The Role of Board of Directors in the Internationalisation Process of Small and Medium Sized Family Businesses

International Journal of Globalisation and Small Business, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 393-411

19 Pages Posted: 11 Jan 2010 Last revised: 29 May 2012

See all articles by Andrea Calabrò

Andrea Calabrò

Witten Institute for Family Business - Witten/Herdecke University

Donata Mussolino

Second University of Naples

Morten Huse

Norwegian School of Management (BI) - Department of Innovation and Economics; MH Management Consultants; University of Witten/Herdecke; BI Norwegian Business School

Date Written: December 10, 2009

Abstract

Internationalisation is one of the biggest challenges for family businesses. Although prosperous locally, many of these firms often face several difficulties in entering foreign markets. To date, there are contrasting results with respect to the internationalisation behaviour of family businesses and the role of boards of directors in this process. Adopting the resource-based view of the firm, the paper focuses on the determinants of the internationalisation pathways taken by family businesses. Basing on a sample of 146 small and medium sized Norwegian family businesses, we find that the board is an important strategic resource contributing to their international expansion. The results highlight the existence of various relationships between board member characteristics, board tasks performance and the export intensity. In particular, we find that family businesses with higher levels of non-family board members are more likely to be international. Moreover, we find that boards’ involvement in advisory tasks contributes positively to the export intensity. The implications for theory and practice and future research directions are discussed.

Keywords: family business, export intensity, internationalisation, board of directors, non-family board members, advisory tasks

JEL Classification: G3, M1

Suggested Citation

Calabrò, Andrea and Mussolino, Donata and Huse, Morten, The Role of Board of Directors in the Internationalisation Process of Small and Medium Sized Family Businesses (December 10, 2009). International Journal of Globalisation and Small Business, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 393-411, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1534148

Andrea Calabrò (Contact Author)

Witten Institute for Family Business - Witten/Herdecke University ( email )

Alfred-Herrausen-Straße 50
Witten, DE Dortmund 58448
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.uni-wh.de/universitaet/personenverzeichnis/details/show/Employee/calabro/

Donata Mussolino

Second University of Naples ( email )

Via Antonio Vivaldi, 43
Caserta CE, Caserta 81100
Italy

Morten Huse

Norwegian School of Management (BI) - Department of Innovation and Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 580
N-1302 Sandvika
Norway

MH Management Consultants ( email )

Butterudveien 32
N 1339 Vøyenenga
Vøyenenga
Norway

HOME PAGE: http://www.boardsandwine.net

University of Witten/Herdecke ( email )

Alfred-Herrhausen-Straße 50
Witten, 58448
Germany

BI Norwegian Business School ( email )

Nydalsveien 37
Oslo, 0442
Norway

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