Ahistorical Indians and Reservation Resources

109 Pages Posted: 22 Jan 2010 Last revised: 1 Jul 2010

See all articles by Ezra Rosser

Ezra Rosser

American University - Washington College of Law

Date Written: 2010


This article is an in-depth exploration of the impacts of an Indian tribe deciding to pursue environmentally destructive forms of economic development. The article makes two principal contributions. First, it establishes the Navajo Nation’s decision-making role. Prior mineral resource forms of development may have been formally approved by the tribe but the agreements did not truly belong to the Navajo Nation. Extensive research into earlier agreements shows the heavy influence of the federal government and mining interests historically. Existing scholarship on reservation environmental harm tends to deflect tribal responsibility, attributing such decisions to outside forces. Without denying the challenges the Navajo Nation is facing, the article calls for recognition, despite the romanticism that surrounds Indians and the environment, of tribal agency and responsibility for the proposed environmental destruction. Second, I argue that environmental organizations that make use of federal environmental review processes are complicit in the systematic denial of Indian sovereignty that federal primacy entails. Although there is a strong theoretical argument that the only limits appropriate for Indian nations are those of nation-states under international law, the Article concludes that the relationship between environmental organizations and Indian nations ought to be guided by international human rights law.

Keywords: Indian, Navajo, Native American, Environmental Law, Coal, Power Plant, Economic Development, Natural Resource Law

JEL Classification: K32, O13, Q40

Suggested Citation

Rosser, Ezra, Ahistorical Indians and Reservation Resources (2010). Environmental Law, Vol. 40, p. 437, 2010, American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2010-02, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1539703

Ezra Rosser (Contact Author)

American University - Washington College of Law ( email )

4300 Nebraska Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20016
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.wcl.american.edu/faculty/

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