Discipline or Disruption? Stakeholder Relationships and the Effect of Takeover Threat
Management Science, Forthcoming
62 Pages Posted: 24 Jan 2010 Last revised: 10 Aug 2016
Date Written: May 10, 2015
While a sizable literature suggests that firms benefit from vulnerability to takeovers because it reduces agency problems, the threat of takeovers can also impose ex ante costs on firms by adversely affecting relationships with important stakeholders, such as major customers. We find that when firms have corporate customers as important stakeholders, an exogenous reduction in the threat of takeovers increases their ability to attract new customers and strengthens their relationships with existing customers, resulting in improvement in operating performance. The positive effect on operating performance is greater for suppliers that are likely to offer unique and durable products to their customers. Our results suggest a beneficial aspect of protection from takeovers when stakeholder relationships are important.
Keywords: takeovers, corporate governance, product market relationships, Business Combination Laws
JEL Classification: G34, G38, L14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation