Quasi Maximum Likelihood Estimation of GARCH Models with Heavy-Tailed Likelihoods
36 Pages Posted: 24 Jan 2010 Last revised: 6 Aug 2012
Date Written: July 2012
The non-Gaussian maximum likelihood estimator is frequently used in GARCH models with the intention of capturing the heavy-tailed returns. However, unless the parametric likelihood family contains the true likelihood, the estimator is inconsistent due to density misspecification. To correct this bias, we identify an unknown scale parameter that is critical to the identification, and propose a two-step quasi maximum likelihood procedure with non-Gaussian likelihood functions. This novel approach is consistent and asymptotically normal under weak moment conditions. Moreover, it achieves better efficiency than the Gaussian alternative, particularly when the innovation error has heavy tails. We also summarize and compare the values of the scale parameter and the asymptotic efficiency for estimators based on different choices of likelihood functions with an increasing level of heaviness in the innovation tails. Numerical studies confirm the advantages of the proposed approach.
Keywords: quasi-likelihood, two-step estimator, heavy-tailed error
JEL Classification: C13, C22
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation