On the Nature of Technologies: Knowledge, Procedures, Artifacts and Production Inputs

Posted: 25 Jan 2010

See all articles by Giovanni Dosi

Giovanni Dosi

Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna di Pisa - Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM)

Marco Grazzi

Universita' Cattolica del Sacro Cuore

Date Written: January 2010

Abstract

In the most general terms, a technology can be seen as a human-constructed means for achieving a particular end, such as the movement of goods and people, the transmission of information or the cure of a disease. These means most often entail procedures regarding how to achieve the ends concerned, particular bits of knowledge, artifacts and of course specific physical inputs necessary to yield the desired outcomes. In fact, the procedures and the underlying knowledge they draw upon, the physical and intangible inputs implicated, and the performance characteristics of outputs are different but complementary aspects of what technology is. These things are the object of this short essay.

Keywords: Technology, Ontology, Production theory

JEL Classification: A10, L20, O30

Suggested Citation

Dosi, Giovanni and Grazzi, Marco, On the Nature of Technologies: Knowledge, Procedures, Artifacts and Production Inputs (January 2010). Cambridge Journal of Economics, Vol. 34, Issue 1, pp. 173-184, 2010, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1540397 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cje/bep041

Giovanni Dosi (Contact Author)

Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna di Pisa - Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM) ( email )

Piazza Martiri della Liberta, 33
Pisa, I-56127
Italy

HOME PAGE: www.lem.sssup.it

Marco Grazzi

Universita' Cattolica del Sacro Cuore ( email )

1 Largo A. Gemelli
Milano (Milan), MI Milano 20123
Italy

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