Reconceiving the Fourth Amendment and the Exclusionary Rule
29 Pages Posted: 24 Jan 2010 Last revised: 3 Jul 2013
Date Written: 2010
In Herring v. United States, the Supreme Court indicated both that it was undertaking a major revision, essentially an abolition, of the exclusionary rule and at other times, including in it's stated holding, suggested that it was only reducing the rule's force in a minor way. This article reconceives the exclusionary rule in light of the reasonableness language of the Fourth Amendment. It argues that the best approach to exclusion, unlike the Court's past approach, or it's proposal in Herring, is to exclude evidence only when there is a violation of the Court's Fourth Amendment rules and that violation is "unreasonable" or negligent on the part of police. This compromise would eliminate much of the conservative opposition to the rule while maintaining it as an effective deterrence to police misconduct.
Keywords: Criminal Procedure, Fourth Amendment, Exclusionary Rule
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