Low Carbon Fuel Standards: Implementation Scenarios and Challenges

Energy Policy, Vol. 38, No. 11, pp. 6955-6965, 2010

44 Pages Posted: 25 Jan 2010 Last revised: 22 Mar 2015

See all articles by Sonia Yeh

Sonia Yeh

University of California, Davis - Institute of Transportation Studies

Daniel Sperling

University of California, Davis - Institute of Transportation Studies

Date Written: March 9, 2010

Abstract

Performance-based low carbon fuel standards (LCFS) of the type implemented in California and being adopted in the European Union, are a promising policy approach for decarbonizing transport fuels and reducing fossil fuel use. This paper examines the efficacy of LCFS policies, along with four major challenges that threaten their effectiveness. These challenges include leakage and shuffling of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, impacts on energy security, increased GHG emissions due to global land use conversion (indirect land use changes), and sustainability issues associated with biofuel production. We identify complementary policies that mitigate the severity of these challenges, while noting that some of these challenges are inherent to carbon and alternative fuel policies.

Keywords: Carbon Intensity, Lifecycle GHG Emissions, Biofuels, Alternative Fuels

JEL Classification: N7, Q42, Q48,Q21, Q28, N5, O13

Suggested Citation

Yeh, Sonia and Sperling, Daniel, Low Carbon Fuel Standards: Implementation Scenarios and Challenges (March 9, 2010). Energy Policy, Vol. 38, No. 11, pp. 6955-6965, 2010, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1541965

Sonia Yeh (Contact Author)

University of California, Davis - Institute of Transportation Studies ( email )

One Shields Avenue
Apt 153
Davis, CA 95616
United States

HOME PAGE: http://steps.ucdavis.edu/People/slyeh

Daniel Sperling

University of California, Davis - Institute of Transportation Studies ( email )

One Shields Ave
davis, CA 95616
United States

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