Private Education Provision and Public Finance: The Netherlands

39 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

Date Written: January 1, 2010


One of the key features of the Dutch education system is freedom of education -- freedom to establish schools and organize teaching. Almost 70 percent of schools in the Netherlands are administered by private school boards, and all schools are government funded equally. This allows school choice. Using an instrument to identify school choice, it is shown that the Dutch system promotes academic performance. The instrumental variables results show that private school attendance is associated with higher test scores. Private school size effects in math, reading, and science achievement are 0.17, 0.28, and 0.18.

Keywords: Tertiary Education, Education For All, Secondary Education, Primary Education, Teaching and Learning

Suggested Citation

Patrinos, Harry Anthony, Private Education Provision and Public Finance: The Netherlands (January 1, 2010). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5185. Available at SSRN:

Harry Anthony Patrinos (Contact Author)

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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