The Determinants of Wealth and Gender Inequity in Cognitive Skills in Latin America

56 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Kevin Macdonald

Kevin Macdonald

World Bank - Human Development Network

Felipe Barrera-Osorio

Harvard University - Harvard Graduate School of Education

Juliana Guaqueta

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Harry A. Patrinos

World Bank

Emilio Porta

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: January 1, 2010

Abstract

Wealth and gender inequity in the accumulation of cognitive skills is measured as the association between subject competency and wealth and gender using the OECD?s Programme for International Student Assessment. Wealth inequity is found to occur not through disparate household characteristics but rather through disparate school characteristics; little evidence is found of an association between wealth and competency within schools. Weak evidence is found of wealth mitigating gender differences through school characteristics. These findings suggest that wealth inequity in the accumulation of cognitive skills is almost exclusively associated with disparate school characteristics and that disparate school characteristics may play a role in accentuating gender inequity.

Keywords: Tertiary Education, Education For All, Disability, Primary Education, Secondary Education

Suggested Citation

Macdonald, Kevin and Barrera-Osorio, Felipe and Guaqueta, Juliana and Patrinos, Harry Anthony and Porta, Emilio, The Determinants of Wealth and Gender Inequity in Cognitive Skills in Latin America (January 1, 2010). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5189. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1543048

Kevin Macdonald (Contact Author)

World Bank - Human Development Network ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Felipe Barrera-Osorio

Harvard University - Harvard Graduate School of Education ( email )

456 Gutman Library
6 appian way
cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Juliana Guaqueta

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Harry Anthony Patrinos

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Emilio Porta

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

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