Social Mobility in Latin America: A Review of Existing Evidence

51 Pages Posted: 2 Feb 2010

See all articles by Viviane M. R. Azevedo

Viviane M. R. Azevedo

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

César P. Bouillon

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: August 2009

Abstract

This paper reviews evidence on social mobility in Latin America. Several studies have used data sets that collect intergenerational socio economic information. The data, though limited, suggest that social mobility is low in the region, even when compared with low social mobility developed countries like the United States and United Kingdom, with high levels of immobility at the lower and upper tails of the income distribution. While Latin America has improved education mobility in recent decades, which may have translated into higher mobility for younger cohorts, the region still presents, except for Chile, lower education mobility than in developed countries. The paper also reviews studies on the main determinants of the region’s low levels of social mobility, including social exclusion, low access to higher education, and labor market discrimination.

Keywords: D30, D60, I30

JEL Classification: Social Mobility, Latin America, Inequality, Social Exclusion

Suggested Citation

Azevedo, Viviane M. R. and Bouillon Buendia, César Patricio, Social Mobility in Latin America: A Review of Existing Evidence (August 2009). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1543859 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1543859

Viviane M. R. Azevedo

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) ( email )

1300 New York Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

César Patricio Bouillon Buendia (Contact Author)

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) ( email )

1300 New York Avenue
Washington, DC 20577

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