World Heritage: Where are We? An Empirical Analysis

43 Pages Posted: 1 Feb 2010

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: January 2010


An empirical overview of the UNESCO World Heritage List according to various characteristics is presented. The officially stated intention of the World Heritage List is to protect global heritage. Our focus is on the imbalance of the existing List according to countries and continents. The existing distribution is compared to hypothetical distributions considered “balanced” from different points of view. It turns out that the World Heritage List is unbalanced with respect to a distribution of Sites according to population, area or per capita income. This paper wants to reveal facts about the existing distribution, and is designed to help a reasoned discussion to emerge.

Suggested Citation

Frey, Bruno S. and Pamini, Paolo, World Heritage: Where are We? An Empirical Analysis (January 2010). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 2919. Available at SSRN:

Bruno S. Frey (Contact Author)

CREMA ( email )

Südstrasse 11
Zurich, CH 8008
+41 44 380 00 78 (Phone)

University of Basel ( email )

Peter Merian-Weg 6
Basel, 4002

Paolo Pamini

ETH Zurich ( email )

ETH-Zentrum HG E62.2
Zurich, CH-8092
+41 44 632 7865 (Phone)


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