The Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (CTH): An Evaluation of its Cost-Effectiveness

Environmental and Planning Law Journal, Vol. 26, No. 5, pp. 337-362, 2009

Posted: 2 Feb 2010 Last revised: 30 Mar 2014

Date Written: September 1, 2009

Abstract

This article outlines the results of a broad cost-effectiveness analysis of the federal environmental impact assessment (EIA) regime under Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act). Statistics on the operation of the EIA regime are reviewed and an analysis of the regime’s effectiveness in dealing with Australia’s main environmental threats is provided. Consideration is also given to any indirect benefits the regime may have generated. The identified environmental achievements of the EIA regime over the period July 2000 to 30 June 2008 are compared to its administration costs, which are estimated at $135 million – $220 million. The conclusion is reached that over the study period the EIA regime generated minor improvements in environmental outcomes at moderate to high cost.

Keywords: Environmental impact assessment, Australian federal environmental law

Suggested Citation

Macintosh, Andrew, The Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (CTH): An Evaluation of its Cost-Effectiveness (September 1, 2009). Environmental and Planning Law Journal, Vol. 26, No. 5, pp. 337-362, 2009, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1546136

Andrew Macintosh (Contact Author)

ANU College of Law ( email )

Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200
Australia

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