Othello Error: Facial Profiling, Privacy and the Suppression of Dissent
Lenese C. Herbert
Albany Law School; Howard University School of Law
Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law, Vol. 5, pp. 79-129, 2007
In this article, Professor Herbert challenges the US. Transportation Security Administration's post-September 11, 2001, use of Paul Elanan and Wallace Friesen's Facial Action Coding System (FACS) to identify potential terrorists in American airports. Professor Herbert asserts that invasive visual examination of travelers' faces and facial expressions for law enforcement purposes under the auspices of protective administrative searches ineffectively protects national and airport security and violates reasonable expectations of privacy. FACS improperly provides unreasonable governmental activity with a legitimizing scientific imprimatur that conceals governmental agents' race- and ethnicity-based prejudices, which leads to targeting minorities' faces as portents of danger. Professor Herbert assesses the concept of facial privacy in public, and in doing so, rejects the Supreme Court's Katz v. United States test and argues in support of constitutional protection of public privacy.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 51
Keywords: FACS, Identify Potential Terrorists in American Airports
Date posted: February 4, 2010 ; Last revised: October 10, 2013