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Sustainable Development and the Marrakech Accords

THE LAW OF ENERGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, Adrian J. Bradbrook, Rosemary Lyster, Richard L. Ottinger, Wang Xi, eds., Cambridge University Press, 2005

36 Pages Posted: 10 Feb 2010 Last revised: 23 Apr 2014

David Hodas

Widener University - Delaware Law School

Date Written: November 7, 2003

Abstract

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of the Parties (COP) in Marrakech drafted a legal and institutional structure to govern various market-based mechanisms to limit greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This governance instrument incorporated both economic and environmental considerations at every stage of the decision-making process. The Marrakech Accords operational guidelines govern three alternative market-based approaches: Clean Development Mechanism; Joint Implementation; and Emissions Trading. The Marrakech Accords require the development of principles and rules for measuring emission baselines and additionality which define what is a valid GHG emission reduction, the degree sustainability influences project approval, and overall transparency. Several standards have been proposed. These are analyzed and compared in this article. To date, the WWF Gold Standard offers the most efficient and commercially viable methods to achieve global sustainability.

Keywords: climate change, environmental law, international law, green house gases, emisssions, sustainability, sustainable development

JEL Classification: K32

Suggested Citation

Hodas, David, Sustainable Development and the Marrakech Accords (November 7, 2003). THE LAW OF ENERGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, Adrian J. Bradbrook, Rosemary Lyster, Richard L. Ottinger, Wang Xi, eds., Cambridge University Press, 2005. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1549854

David Hodas (Contact Author)

Widener University - Delaware Law School ( email )

4601 Concord Pike
Wilmington, DE 19803-0406
United States
302 477 2186 (Phone)

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