Regional Theory and Regional Development: The Example of the Ústecký Region in North West Bohemia
AUPO Geographica, Vol. 40, No. 1, pp. 25-43, 2009
19 Pages Posted: 10 Feb 2010
Date Written: 2009
The Ústecký region in North West Bohemia has undergone a substantial economic transformation since 1989. This is set against five theoretical frameworks; faith in spontaneous growth from new entrepreneurs, belief that the state must play a major role, the so-called ‘new regionalism’ emphasising networks and contacts within the region, growth machines and the concept of institutional entrepreneurs. These are set against the roles of key actors to establish the processes leading to change. The first and second of the theoretical frameworks appear the most productive. Growth has been biased towards forms that require the minimum of complex relationships between actors and that minimise scope for conflicts between actors. Attempts at more complex forms have brought very limited results. The most general applicable framework emphasises the need for initiators and propagators who may cooperate when it serves clearly defined interests. Recent forms of development have clear limitations and do not appear to lead towards a prominent position as a ‘knowledge-based’ economy.
Keywords: Czech Republic, economic development, regional policy, qualitative method
JEL Classification: R
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