Innovation, Spillovers and University-Industry Collaboration: An Extended Knowledge Production Function Approach
Posted: 15 Feb 2010
Date Written: March 2010
This article analyses the effect of knowledge spillovers from academic research on regional innovation. Spillovers are localized to the extent that the underlying mechanisms are geographically bounded. However, university-industry collaboration - as one of the carriers of knowledge spillovers - is not limited to the regional scale. Consequently, we expect spillovers to take place over longer distances. The effect of university-industry collaboration networks on knowledge spillovers are modelled using an extended knowledge production function framework applied to regions in the Netherlands. We find that the impact of academic research on regional innovation is not only mediated by geographical proximity but also by networks stemming from university-industry collaboration.
Keywords: knowledge production function, knowledge spillovers, university-industry collaboration, research collaboration, innovation, social networks, proximity, science-based industries
JEL Classification: C21, O18, O31, R11
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