Socio-Economic and Demographic Factors of Crime in Germany: Evidence from Panel Data of the German States

44 Pages Posted: 22 Mar 1999

See all articles by Horst Entorf

Horst Entorf

Leibniz Institute for Financial Research SAFE; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Hannes Spengler

ZEW – Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research - International Finance and Financial Management

Date Written: December 31, 1998

Abstract

Our study is based on the traditional Becker-Ehrlich deterrence model, but we analyse the model in the face of currently discussed factors of crime like demographic changes, youth-unemployment and income inequality. We use a panel of the German Laender (states) that allows us to exploit different experiences in densely and sparsely populat areas as well as in East and West Germany. Our results are based on static and dynamic panel econometrics/criminometrics. They confirm the deterrence hypothesis for crime against property. Only weak support can be observed for crime against the person. Economic and demographic factors reveal important and significant influences. Being young and unemployed increases the probability of committing crimes.

JEL Classification: J19, K42

Suggested Citation

Entorf, Horst and Spengler, Hannes, Socio-Economic and Demographic Factors of Crime in Germany: Evidence from Panel Data of the German States (December 31, 1998). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=155274 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.155274

Horst Entorf (Contact Author)

Leibniz Institute for Financial Research SAFE ( email )

(http://www.safe-frankfurt.de)
Theodor-W.-Adorno-Platz 3
Frankfurt am Main, 60323
Germany

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Hannes Spengler

ZEW – Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research - International Finance and Financial Management ( email )

Postfach 103443
Mannheim, D-68034
Germany
+49 621 1235 284 (Phone)

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