The Future of Religious Pluralism: Justice O'Connor and the Establishment Clause
54 Pages Posted: 15 Feb 2010
Date Written: March 14, 2007
Justice Sandra Day O’Connor offered a distinctive vision of the Establishment Clause during her decades on the Supreme Court. This article puts that vision in context by reviewing the history of religious pluralism, tolerance, and intolerance in the United States. The article also draws upon psychology research to illuminate the polarizing tendencies that continuously undermine religious tolerance. These sections of the article offer essential background that many observers overlook when analyzing the Establishment Clause. Finally, the article argues that Justice O’Connor’s Establishment Clause principles offer the best promise of promoting religious pluralism more fully in the United States.
Keywords: Justice O'Connor, Establishment Clause, Religious Pluralism, First Amendment, History, Psychology
JEL Classification: K19
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation