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Scaling Social Innovations: The Case of Gram Vikas

37 Pages Posted: 16 Feb 2010  

Imran Chowdhury

Pace University

Filipe M. Santos


Date Written: February 15, 2010


The purpose of this study is to better understand the process of innovation transfer between social sector organizations, an area that is at the nexus of research on social entrepreneurship, scaling, and knowledge transfer. We are guided by a primary research question: How are social innovations transferred to other organizations to increase their impact? Drawing on field observations, interviews, and archival data from an ongoing social innovation transfer attempt in rural India, we show that the scaling process is fraught with challenges, but can nevertheless be managed by focusing on the “Arrow core” of elements which enable a social innovation’s success.

Keywords: Social Entrepreneurship, Innovation Transfer, Developing Countries, Scaling, International Development, Rural Development, India

Suggested Citation

Chowdhury, Imran and Santos, Filipe M., Scaling Social Innovations: The Case of Gram Vikas (February 15, 2010). INSEAD Working Paper No. 2010/10/EFE/INSEAD Social Innovation Centre/ICE. Available at SSRN: or

Imran Chowdhury (Contact Author)

Pace University ( email )

One Pace Plaza
New York, NY 10038
United States

Filipe M. Santos

INSEAD ( email )

Boulevard de Constance
77305 Fontainebleau Cedex

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