Knowing 'Consent' Means 'Knowing Consent' - The Underappreciated Wisdom of Justice Marshall’s Schneckloth v. Bustamonte Dissent

18 Pages Posted: 21 Feb 2010  

Arnold H. Loewy

Texas Tech University School of Law

Date Written: February 20, 2010

Abstract

This Article argues that the majority opinion in the Supreme Court’s decision in Schneckloth v. Bustamonte, 412 U.S. 218 (1973), has led to a burgeoning jurisprudence of placing a premium on citizens’ ignorance of their Fourth Amendment rights. Police who have stopped a vehicle for a minor infraction, or for no infraction whatsoever, may simply ask the driver if they can search the car. Police do not have to inform the driver that he or she has a right to decline the search. While the majority would argue that such a warning would break the informality of the interaction between police and driver, the dissent states that the police could casually state that the driver can refuse. The police could use the following illustration: “Joe, I’d like you to let me search your car. You don’t have to if you don’t want to, but I’d sure appreciate it if you did.” No one need fear that informality will be broken. The Article puts forward Justice Thurgood Marshall’s Schneckloth dissent as a wise corrective measure to police valuing citizen ignorance. Justice Marshall clearly saw what the decision would do to the innocent, as well as the guilty, and perhaps most importantly to the Constitution that we are all supposed to live under.

Keywords: Schneckloth, Thurgood Marshall, Fourth Amendment, Search and Seizure, Consent to Search, Constitutional Law

JEL Classification: K10, K19

Suggested Citation

Loewy, Arnold H., Knowing 'Consent' Means 'Knowing Consent' - The Underappreciated Wisdom of Justice Marshall’s Schneckloth v. Bustamonte Dissent (February 20, 2010). Mississippi Law Journal, Vol. 79, No. 1, pp. 97-113, 2010; Texas Tech Law School Research Paper No. 2010-05. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1556404

Arnold H. Loewy (Contact Author)

Texas Tech University School of Law ( email )

1802 Hartford
Lubbock, TX 79409
United States

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