The ART of Life: IVF or Child Adoption?

37 Pages Posted: 22 Feb 2010

See all articles by Gulcin Gumus

Gulcin Gumus

Florida International University (FIU); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Jungmin Lee

FIU; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

This paper analyzes the effects of child adoption on the utilization of assisted reproductive technology (ART) in the US. Using state-level longitudinal data for 1999-2006, we show that ART use is responsive to changes in adoption markets. Controlling for state-specific fixed effects, the estimated elasticity of ART cycles performed with respect to child adoptions is about -0.13 to -0.15. The responsiveness is higher when we consider infant adoptions, adoptions by older women, and international adoptions while there is no substitutability between ART and adoption of related children. Our findings suggest that public policies regarding adoption, including subsidies, influence ART use.

Keywords: child adoption, infertility treatment, assisted reproductive technology (ART), in vitro fertilization (IVF)

JEL Classification: I11, J13, J18

Suggested Citation

Gumus, Gulcin and Lee, Jungmin, The ART of Life: IVF or Child Adoption?. IZA Discussion Paper No. 4761. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1556549

Gulcin Gumus (Contact Author)

Florida International University (FIU) ( email )

University Park
11200 SW 8th Street
Miami, FL 33199
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Jungmin Lee

FIU ( email )

University Park
11200 SW 8th Street
Miami, FL 33199
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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