AIDing Contraception: HIV and Recent Trends in Abortion Rates

28 Pages Posted: 24 Feb 2010  

Andrew Hussey

University of Memphis - Economics

Alex Nikolsko‐Rzhevskyy

Lehigh University - Department of Economics

Jay K. Walker

Old Dominion University - Economics

Date Written: February 22, 2010

Abstract

Since the onset of HIV/AIDS awareness in the early 1980s, much attention has centered around the substantial negative effects of the disease throughout the world. This paper provides evidence of a secondary effect the disease has had on sexual behavior in the United States. Using a difference-in-differences estimation framework and state level data, we show that the perceived threat of HIV resulted in a drop in unwanted pregnancies, as demonstrated by a lower incidence of abortions. Our results suggest that each additional reported case of HIV per 1,000 individuals resulted in 85.5 fewer abortions per 1,000 live births.

Keywords: HIV, abortion, fertility

JEL Classification: I10, I30, J13

Suggested Citation

Hussey, Andrew and Nikolsko‐Rzhevskyy, Alex and Walker, Jay K., AIDing Contraception: HIV and Recent Trends in Abortion Rates (February 22, 2010). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1557503 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1557503

Andrew J. Hussey

University of Memphis - Economics ( email )

Memphis, TN 38152
United States

Alex Nikolsko-Rzhevskyy (Contact Author)

Lehigh University - Department of Economics ( email )

620 Taylor Street
Bethlehem, PA 18015
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.nikolsko-rzhevskyy.com

Jay K. Walker

Old Dominion University - Economics ( email )

Norfolk, VA 23529
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.jaykwalker.com

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