Assessing the Impact of Education and Marriage on Labor Market Exit Decisions of Women

Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta Working Paper Series No. 2010-2

32 Pages Posted: 27 Feb 2010

See all articles by Julie L. Hotchkiss

Julie L. Hotchkiss

Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta; Georgia State University - Department of Economics

M. Melinda Pitts

Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta

MaryBeth Beth Walker

Georgia State University

Date Written: February 2010

Abstract

During the late 1990s, the convergence of women's labor force participation rates to men's rates came to a halt. This paper explores the degree to which the role of education and marriage in women's labor supply decisions also changed over this time period. Specifically, this paper investigates women's decisions to exit the labor market upon the birth of a child. The results indicate that changing exit behavior among married, educated women at this period in their lives was not likely the driving force behind the aggregate changes seen in labor force participation. Rather, changes in exit rates among single women, particularly those less educated, are much more consistent with the changing pattern of aggregate female labor force participation.

Keywords: labor force participation, labor supply, labor market exit, opt out, administrative data

JEL Classification: J22, J11

Suggested Citation

Hotchkiss, Julie L. and Pitts, M. Melinda and Walker, Mary Beth Beth, Assessing the Impact of Education and Marriage on Labor Market Exit Decisions of Women (February 2010). Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta Working Paper Series No. 2010-2. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1559285 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1559285

Julie L. Hotchkiss (Contact Author)

Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta ( email )

Research Department
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Georgia State University - Department of Economics ( email )

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M. Melinda Pitts

Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta ( email )

1000 Peachtree Street, NE
Atlanta, GA 30309-4470
United States
404-498-7009 (Phone)
404-498-8956 (Fax)

Mary Beth Beth Walker

Georgia State University ( email )

35 Broad Street
Atlanta, GA 30302
United States

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