The Political Economy of Active Labour Market Policy

REC-WP Working Papers on the Reconciliation of Work and Welfare in Europe No. 01/10

29 Pages Posted: 28 Feb 2010

See all articles by Giuliano Bonoli

Giuliano Bonoli

University of Lausanne - Swiss Graduate School of Public Administration

Date Written: 2010

Abstract

Active labour market policies have developed significantly over the last two decades across OECD countries, with substantial cross-national differences in terms of both extent and overall orientation. The objective of this paper is to account for cross-national variation in this policy field. It starts by reviewing existing scholarship concerning political, institutional and ideational determinants of ALMPs. It then argues that ALMPs is too broad a category to be used analytically, and develops a typology of four different types of ALMPs: incentive reinforcement, employment assistance, occupation, and human capital investment. These are discussed and examined through ALMP expenditure profiles in selected countries. The paper uses this typology to analyse active labour market policy trajectories in six western European countries, and shows that the role of this instrument changes dramatically over time. It concludes that there is little regularity in the political determinants of ALMPs. In contrast, it finds important institutional and ideational effects, the latter in the most recent phase in particular.

Keywords: Active labour market policies, ALMP, unemployment policy

Suggested Citation

Bonoli, Giuliano, The Political Economy of Active Labour Market Policy (2010). REC-WP Working Papers on the Reconciliation of Work and Welfare in Europe No. 01/10 , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1561186 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1561186

Giuliano Bonoli (Contact Author)

University of Lausanne - Swiss Graduate School of Public Administration ( email )

R.te de la Maladière 21
Chavannes-Renens, CH-1022
Switzerland

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