Dialects, Cultural Identity, and Economic Exchange
48 Pages Posted: 18 Mar 2010
Date Written: February 2010
We investigate whether time-persistent cultural borders impede economic exchange across regions of the same country. To measure cultural differences we evaluate, for the first time in economics, linguistic micro-data about phonological and grammatical features of German dialects. These data are taken from a unique linguistic survey conducted between 1879 and 1888 in 45,000 schools. Matching this information to 439 current German regions, we construct a dialect similarity matrix. Using a gravity analysis, we show that current cross-regional migration is positively affected by historical dialect similarity. This suggests that cultural identities formed in the past still influence economic exchange today.
Keywords: dialects, language, culture, internal migration, gravity, Germany
JEL Classification: R23, Z10, J61
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation