Of Smiles and Smirks: A Term-Structure Perspective
Posted: 12 Oct 1999
An extensive empirical literature in finance has documented not only the presence of anomalies in the Black-Scholes model, but also the "term-structures" of these anomalies (for instance, the behavior of the volatility smile or of unconditional returns at different maturities). Theoretical efforts in the literature at addressing these anomalies have largely focused on two extensions of the Black-Scholes model: introducing jumps into the return process, and allowing volatility to be stochastic. This paper employs commonly used versions of these two classes of models to examine the extent to which the models are theoretically capable of resolving the observed anomalies. We find that each model exhibits some "term-structure" patterns that are fundamentally inconsistent with those observed in the data. As a consequence, neither class of models constitutes an adequate explanation of the empirical evidence, although stochastic volatility models fare better than jumps in this regard.
JEL Classification: E43, G13
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation