Services Procurement Under the WTO’s Agreement on Government Procurement: Whither Market Access?
World Trade Review, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 1-23, 2011
32 Pages Posted: 6 Mar 2010 Last revised: 21 Aug 2011
Date Written: April 14, 2011
This paper studies the government procurement of services from foreign suppliers by conducting a statistical analysis of data submitted by Japan and Switzerland to the WTO's Committee on Government Procurement. Using several metrics, the paper examines if the WTO’s Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA) has led to greater market access for foreign suppliers in services procurement. Our results indicate that despite the GPA, the proportions of services contracts awarded to foreigners have declined over time for both countries and in the absence of this decline, the value of services contracts awarded to foreign firms would have been more than 15 times higher in the case of Japan and nearly 68 times more in the case of Switzerland. We also find that for the same services categories, at least the Japanese government is not purchasing as much from abroad as it's private sector is importing from the rest of the world, a finding that further points to the home-bias in that government's public purchase decisions.
Keywords: Services, public procurement, GPA, Japan, Switzerland
JEL Classification: F10, F13, H57
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation