Better Borrowers, Fewer Banks?
30 Pages Posted: 4 Mar 2010
Date Written: January 4, 2010
We investigate the relationship between borrower quality and the structure of the pool of banks. First, we develop a theoretical model where the size of the banking pool is a credible signal of firm quality. We argue that better borrowers seek to disclose their quality in a credible way through the structure of the banking pool involving fewer banks. Second, we test our prediction using a sample of more than 3,000 loans from 19 European countries. We perform regressions of the number of bank lenders on various proxies of borrower quality. Our empirical tests corroborate the theoretical predictions. The size of the banking pool is a signal of borrower quality. Hence, good quality firms have fewer lenders in their banking pools.
Keywords: Bank Lending, Borrower Quality, Multiple Banking, Number Of Lenders, Signaling, Europe
JEL Classification: D82, G21, G32
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