Instrumentalizing Jurors: An Argument Against the Fourth Amendment Exclusionary Rule

34 Pages Posted: 7 Mar 2010 Last revised: 5 Dec 2010

Todd E. Pettys

University of Iowa - College of Law

Date Written: March 5, 2010

Abstract

In this symposium contribution, I contend that the application of the Fourth Amendment exclusionary rule in cases tried by juries raises troubling moral issues that are not present when a judge adjudicates a case on his or her own. Specifically, I argue that the exclusionary rule infringes upon jurors’ deliberative autonomy by depriving them of available evidence that rationally bears upon their verdict and by instrumentalizing them in service to the Court’s deterrence objectives. After considering ways in which those moral problems could be at least partially mitigated, I contend that the best approach might be to abandon the exclusionary rule entirely. I suggest that the Supreme Court might already be willing to abandon the rule, provided that Congress enacts reforms aimed at making the threat of financial liability for Fourth Amendment violations more robust. I close by identifying several ways in which Congress could help pave the way for the exclusionary rule’s demise.

Keywords: fourth amendment, exclusionary rule, kant, moral, immoral, practical imperative, hudson, herring, section 1983, deterrence

JEL Classification: K14, K42, K49

Suggested Citation

Pettys, Todd E., Instrumentalizing Jurors: An Argument Against the Fourth Amendment Exclusionary Rule (March 5, 2010). Fordham Urban Law Journal, Vol. 37, No. 3, 2010; U Iowa Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-16. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1565803

Todd E. Pettys (Contact Author)

University of Iowa - College of Law ( email )

Melrose and Byington
Iowa City, IA 52242
United States
319-335-6814 (Phone)
319-335-9098 (Fax)

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