The Making of Modern Citizenship
LINEAGES OF EUROPEAN CITIZENSHIP: RIGHTS MEMBERSHIP AND PARTICIPATION IN ELEVEN NATION STATES, Richard Bellamy, Dario Castiglione, Emilio Santoro, eds., pp. 1-21, Palgrave, 2004
32 Pages Posted: 10 Mar 2010
Date Written: March 8, 2010
This chapter offers an analytical framework for studying the evolution of citizenship in Europe during the eighteenth, nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It explores the ways in which the development of citizenship reflects the relations and occasional struggles among different groups of citizens, on the one hand, and between citizens and the state, on the other. Several factors influenced the form these relationships and their attendant conflicts took within each country: the structure of the state and the nature of its political regime, the character of class relations, the existence and the source of any tensions between centre and periphery, the types of ideological and cultural divisions, contingent events such as war, and the available legal and political languages through which the demands of different groups could be expressed.
Keywords: citizenship, ideology, class, civil society, state
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