A Note on Southeast Asian Hysteretic Unemployment

Journal of International Economic Review, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 129-137, 2007

16 Pages Posted: 10 Mar 2010  

Yoke-Kee Eng

Tunku Abdul Rahman University (UTAR)

Chin-Yoong

Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman (UTAR)

Date Written: March 10, 2010

Abstract

The present paper attempts to examine if unemployment rates in Southeast Asia demonstrate hysteresis, and to find out the propagation mechanism at work. By using the standard Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) test, Schmidt and Phillips, and Lee and Strazicich LM unit root test respectively without and with structural breaks, we found that our sampled countries exhibit no hysteresis in unemployment rates, except for Singapore. With a dynamic optimizing model we inferred that hysteresis in unemployment can be induced by monetary policy. Given the weight on actual inflation stabilization, countries that implement policy feedback rule that assigns greater weight on output gap stabilization, in effect, respond to both actual and expected inflation rates. Such a policy stance that over emphasizes both actual and expected inflationary threats will lead to inflation persistence, which in turn, causes unemployment persistence as the real wage is unable to adjust to equilibrate the labor market. How policy is conducted, be it cold-turkey or gradualism approach, is also responsible for the existence of hysteretic unemployment.

Keywords: . Hysteresis, unemployment, unit-root test, interest rate rule

JEL Classification: E24, E58, E61

Suggested Citation

Eng, Yoke-Kee and Chin-Yoong, A Note on Southeast Asian Hysteretic Unemployment (March 10, 2010). Journal of International Economic Review, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 129-137, 2007. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1567904

Yoke-Kee Eng

Tunku Abdul Rahman University (UTAR) ( email )

Sungai Long Campus Lot PT 21144
Bandar Sg. Long, Cheras, Selangor D.E.,
Bandar Sungai Long, 43000
Malaysia

Chin-Yoong Wong (Contact Author)

Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman (UTAR) ( email )

Jalan Universiti
Bandar Barat
Kampar, Perak 31900
Malaysia

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