Enforcement Design and Road Safety: Exploring Offsetting Effects in Europe
Posted: 11 Mar 2010
Date Written: March 10, 2010
This paper investigates the offsetting effects of drivers' behavior on traffic fatalities in Europe. Specifically, using a panel data set on seat belt use in a sample of twenty - two European countries, we study whether seat belt use, by influencing driving behaviors, influences the incidence of occupant and non - occupant fatalities. Our results highlight that seat belt use is associated with a reduction in overall traffic fatalities, but also with the emergence of compensating behaviors. In addition, we find that in those countries adopting a point – record driving license to back traffic infractions offsetting behaviors appear to be exacerbated.
Keywords: offsetting behavior, point–record driving license, seat bealts, traffic law enforcement, traffic fatalities
JEL Classification: D02, K32, K42, L51
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