Enforcement Design and Road Safety: Exploring Offsetting Effects in Europe

Posted: 11 Mar 2010

See all articles by Simona Benedettini

Simona Benedettini

University of Siena - Department of Economics

Antonio Nicita

University of Siena - Department of Economics

Date Written: March 10, 2010

Abstract

This paper investigates the offsetting effects of drivers' behavior on traffic fatalities in Europe. Specifically, using a panel data set on seat belt use in a sample of twenty - two European countries, we study whether seat belt use, by influencing driving behaviors, influences the incidence of occupant and non - occupant fatalities. Our results highlight that seat belt use is associated with a reduction in overall traffic fatalities, but also with the emergence of compensating behaviors. In addition, we find that in those countries adopting a point – record driving license to back traffic infractions offsetting behaviors appear to be exacerbated.

Keywords: offsetting behavior, point–record driving license, seat bealts, traffic law enforcement, traffic fatalities

JEL Classification: D02, K32, K42, L51

Suggested Citation

Benedettini, Simona and Nicita, Antonio, Enforcement Design and Road Safety: Exploring Offsetting Effects in Europe (March 10, 2010). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1568123

Simona Benedettini (Contact Author)

University of Siena - Department of Economics ( email )

Piazza San Francesco 7
Siena, 53100
Italy

Antonio Nicita

University of Siena - Department of Economics ( email )

Piazza S. Francesco, 7
Siena, I-53100
Italy

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