Modeling the Effects of Physician Emigration on Human Development

Economics and Human Biology, Vol. 9, pp. 172-183, 2011

Posted: 11 Mar 2010 Last revised: 23 Jun 2011

See all articles by Alok Bhargava

Alok Bhargava

University of Maryland School of Public Policy

Frédéric Docquier

Université catholique de Louvain; CREAM, Centre for Research on Environmental Appraisal & Management, UK; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Yasser Moullan

Oxford University- International Migration Institute

Date Written: February 12, 2010

Abstract

We analyzed the effects of physician emigration on human development indicators in developing countries. First, the geographical distribution of physician brain drain was documented for the period 1991-2004. Second, random and fixed effects models were employed to investigate the effects of physicians in the home countries and abroad on child mortality and vaccination rates. Third, models were estimated to investigate migration-induced incentives in the medical sector that would increase the number of physicians. The results showed positive effects of migration prospects on medical training though the magnitude was too small for generating a net brain gain. Also, infant and child mortality rates were negatively associated with the number of physicians per capita after adult literacy rates exceeded 60 percent. The results for DPT and measles vaccinations underscored the importance of literacy rates and physicians per capita for higher vaccination rates. From the standpoint of Millennium Development Goals, reducing medical brain drain is likely to have only small benefits for child mortality and vaccination rates.

Keywords: Human Development Indicators, Economic Development, Physician Emigration, Random Effects Models, Simultaneity

JEL Classification: O15, F22, I12, C23

Suggested Citation

Bhargava, Alok and Docquier, Frédéric and Moullan, Yasser, Modeling the Effects of Physician Emigration on Human Development (February 12, 2010). Economics and Human Biology, Vol. 9, pp. 172-183, 2011. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1568214

Alok Bhargava

University of Maryland School of Public Policy ( email )

Van Munching Hall
College Park, MD 20742
United States
301 405 6330 (Phone)

Frédéric Docquier

Université catholique de Louvain ( email )

IRES
Place Montesquieu 3
Louvain-la-Neuve, 1348
Belgium

HOME PAGE: http://https://perso.uclouvain.be/frederic.docquier/

CREAM, Centre for Research on Environmental Appraisal & Management, UK

University of Newcastle
NE1 7RU Newcastle Upon Tyne
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Yasser Moullan (Contact Author)

Oxford University- International Migration Institute ( email )

Mansfield Road
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 4AU
United Kingdom

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