26 Pages Posted: 15 Mar 2010 Last revised: 29 Mar 2016
Date Written: July 8, 2015
We provide new evidence that the subjective “look of competence” rather than beauty is important for CEO selection and compensation. Our experiments, studying the facial traits of CEOs using nearly 2,000 subjects, link facial characteristics to both CEO compensation and performance. In one experiment, we use pairs of photographs and find that subjects rate CEO faces as appearing more “competent” than non-CEO faces. Another experiment matches CEOs from large firms against CEOs from smaller firms and finds large-firm CEOs look more competent. In a third experiment, subjects numerically score the facial traits of CEOs. We find competent looks are priced into CEO compensation, more so than attractiveness. Our evidence suggests this premium has a behavioral origin. First, we find no evidence that the premium is associated with superior performance. Second, we separately analyze inside and outside CEO hires and find that the competence compensation premium is driven by outside hires – the situation where first impressions are likely to be more important.
Keywords: First impressions, thin slicing, CEO selection, competence, likeable, trustworthy, attractive, facial traits, CEO compensation, CEO performance, behavioral economics, behavioral finance
JEL Classification: G34, J31
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Graham, John R. and Harvey, Campbell R. and Puri, Manju, A Corporate Beauty Contest (July 8, 2015). Duke I&E Research Paper No. 16-10. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1571469 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1571469