60 Pages Posted: 25 Mar 2010 Last revised: 18 Jun 2012
Date Written: March 16, 2010
Recent theory posits a new governance channel available to blockholders: threat of exit. The threat of exit, as opposed to actual exit, is difficult to measure directly. However, a crucial property is that the threat of exit is weaker when stock liquidity is lower and vice versa. We use natural experiments of financial crises and decimalization as exogenous shocks to stock liquidity. Firms with larger blockholdings experience greater declines in firm value during these crises periods (and increases during decimalization), particularly if the manager’s wealth is more sensitive to the stock price and thus to the threat of exit. Additional tests suggest exit threats are distinct from blockholder intervention.
Keywords: Liquidity, Governance, Natural Experiment, Exit,Decimalization, Russian Crisis, Asian Crisis
JEL Classification: G30,G34
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Bharath, Sreedhar T. and Jayaraman, Sudarshan and Nagar, Venky, Exit as Governance: An Empirical Analysis (March 16, 2010). Journal of Finance, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1572940 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1572940
By Alex Edmans