Early Evidence on the Determinants of Unrecognized Tax Benefits

42 Pages Posted: 30 Mar 2010

See all articles by Richard A. Cazier

Richard A. Cazier

University of North Texas

Sonja O. Rego

Indiana University - Kelley School of Business - Department of Accounting

Xiaoli (Shaolee) Tian

Georgetown University - Department of Accounting and Business Law

Ryan J. Wilson

University of Oregon

Date Written: September 14, 2009

Abstract

This study examines the association between disclosures of unrecognized tax benefits made under FASB Interpretation No. 48 and existing measures of tax avoidance. Prior research suggests managers use discretion in accounting for income tax contingencies to meet key earnings targets. It is not clear however, whether such opportunism mitigates the signal about tax avoidance activity provided by these contingencies or whether the opportunistic use of these reserves continued following the adoption of FIN 48. We find that both the level of unrecognized tax benefits at fiscal year-end and changes in the liability linked to current year tax positions are related to firm characteristics that prior research has found to be associated with tax avoidance activity. Further, we document a significant and negative association between firms’ cash effective tax rates and the ending balance of unrecognized tax benefits. We believe this analysis will be useful to researchers and financials statement users that rely on financial statement-based measures of tax avoidance to evaluate corporate tax planning.

Keywords: Unrecognized tax benefits, FIN 48, tax contingency, tax cushion, tax avoidance

JEL Classification: M40, M41, M49

Suggested Citation

Cazier, Richard A. and Rego, Sonja O. and Tian, Xiaoli (Shaolee) and Wilson, Ryan J., Early Evidence on the Determinants of Unrecognized Tax Benefits (September 14, 2009). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1578485 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1578485

Richard A. Cazier

University of North Texas ( email )

College of Business Administration
P.O. Box 305219
Denton, TX 76203
United States
940-369-8612 (Phone)

Sonja O. Rego (Contact Author)

Indiana University - Kelley School of Business - Department of Accounting ( email )

1309 E. 10th Street
Bloomington, IN 47405
United States
812 855-6356 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://kelley.iu.edu/Accounting/faculty/page12887.cfm?ID=33017

Xiaoli (Shaolee) Tian

Georgetown University - Department of Accounting and Business Law ( email )

McDonough School of Business
Washington, DC 20057
United States

Ryan J. Wilson

University of Oregon ( email )

1280 University of Oregon
Eugene, OR 97403
United States

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