Economic Transition and Health Care Reform: The Experience of Europe and Central Asia
42 Pages Posted: 29 Mar 2010
Date Written: March 2010
This paper exploits the staggered adoption of major concurrent health reforms in countries in Europe and Central Asia after 1990 to estimate their impact on public health expenditure, utilization, and avoidable deaths. While the health systems all derived from the same paradigm under central planning, they have since introduced changes to policies regarding cost-sharing, provider payment, financing, and the rationalization of hospital infrastructure. Provider payment reforms produce the largest impact on spending, with fee-for-service increasing spending and patient-based payment reducing it. The impact on avoidable deaths is generally negligible, but there is some evidence of improvements due to fee-for-service.
Keywords: Central Asia, Cross country analysis, Economic models, Economic reforms, Europe, Government expenditures, Health care, Statistics, Transition economies
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