New Evidence and New Methods to Measure Human Capital Inequality Before and During the Industrial Revolution: France and the US in the Seventeenth to Nineteenth Centuries

27 Pages Posted: 29 Mar 2010

See all articles by Dorothee Crayen

Dorothee Crayen

University of Tuebingen

Joerg Baten

University of Tuebingen

Abstract

We explore pre- and early industrial inequality of numeracy using the age heaping method and anthropometric strategies. For France, we map differential numeracy between the upper and lower segments of a sample population for 26 regions during the seventeenth century. For the US, inequality of numeracy is estimated for 25 states during the 19th century. Testing the hypothesis of a negative impact of inequality on welfare growth, we find evidence that lower inequality increased industrial development in the US, whereas for France such an effect was only evident in interactions with political variables such as proximity to central government.

Suggested Citation

Crayen, Dorothee and Baten, Joerg, New Evidence and New Methods to Measure Human Capital Inequality Before and During the Industrial Revolution: France and the US in the Seventeenth to Nineteenth Centuries. The Economic History Review, Vol. 63, Issue 2, pp. 452-478, May 2010. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1579110 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0289.2009.00499.x

Dorothee Crayen (Contact Author)

University of Tuebingen ( email )

Economic History
Mohlstr. 36
Tuebingen, 72074
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.uni-tuebingen.de/uni/wwl/crayen/crayen.html

Joerg Baten

University of Tuebingen ( email )

Wilhelmstr. 19
72074 Tuebingen, Baden Wuerttemberg 72074
Germany

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