Application-Centered Internet Analysis

43 Pages Posted: 9 Apr 1999 Last revised: 18 May 2014

See all articles by Tim Wu

Tim Wu

Columbia University - Law School

Date Written: March 15, 1999


Much Internet scholarship tends to analyze the Internet at an inappropriate level of abstraction; focusing on the Internet as one "medium," when -- by design -- nearly all of the significant facts for certain questions are to be found at the level of the application and its associated protocols. The article suggests that application-centered thinking makes a better tool for the hard Internet questions, such as First Amendment questions (such as filtering) and questions of private ordering.

Keywords: application-centered design, Internet filtering, First Amendment

JEL Classification: K3

Suggested Citation

Wu, Tim, Application-Centered Internet Analysis (March 15, 1999). Virginia Law Review, Vol. 85, No. 6, pp. 1163-1204, 1999, Available at SSRN: or

Tim Wu (Contact Author)

Columbia University - Law School ( email )

435 West 116th Street
New York, NY 10025
United States

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