Acquired Benefits and Poverty Targeting in Public Spending on Health and Education in Cameroon

Poverty and Economic Policy Research Network Working Paper No. PMMA-2008-08

49 Pages Posted: 30 Mar 2010

See all articles by Kamgnia Dia Bernadette

Kamgnia Dia Bernadette

University of Yaounde II

Leunkeu Wangun Simon

Ministère de l'Economie, de la Planification et de l'Aménagement du Territoire (MINEPAT)

Tatsinkou Christophe

Institut National de la Statistique (INS)

Afor Josephine

University of Yaounde II

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: March 29, 2010

Abstract

This study aimed at analyzing the benefits derived from the use of public healthcare facilities and education in Cameroon. The specific objectives are: (i) to estimate the proportion of the budget which is really acquired by the end users of those services; (ii) to determine the equity contents of the acquired benefits; (iii) to quantify the satisfaction in the use of public healthcare and education services; and (iv) to establish the correlation between satisfaction and the wellbeing of Cameroonians. The analysis is based essentially on the assessment of average and marginal incidences, as well as on the study of the progressivity of the acquired benefits.

The findings indicate that the recurrent public spending on the Integrated Health Centres (IHCs) are pro-poor and those of Referral Hospitals (Central Hospitals and Reference Hospitals) are regressive. Nevertheless, a marginal increase in the spending on the IHCs would make these more attractive. Spending on primary education is pro-poor while spending on higher education is pro-rich. But, any increase in the spending on primary education is captured only marginally by the intermediary income group of individuals; the increase in the spending on secondary education contributes significantly to the proportions of the benefits acquired by the various income groups, notably those in the higher intermediary income group.

Keywords: Public Spending, Acquired Benefits, Average Incidence, Marginal Incidence, Progressivity, Satisfaction Index, Dominance

JEL Classification: H22, H51, H52, I38

Suggested Citation

Bernadette, Kamgnia Dia and Simon, Leunkeu Wangun and Christophe, Tatsinkou and Josephine, Afor, Acquired Benefits and Poverty Targeting in Public Spending on Health and Education in Cameroon (March 29, 2010). Poverty and Economic Policy Research Network Working Paper No. PMMA-2008-08. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1580080 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1580080

Kamgnia Dia Bernadette (Contact Author)

University of Yaounde II ( email )

1365 Yaounde
Yaounde, Center 00237
Cameroon

Leunkeu Wangun Simon

Ministère de l'Economie, de la Planification et de l'Aménagement du Territoire (MINEPAT) ( email )

Cameroon

Tatsinkou Christophe

Institut National de la Statistique (INS) ( email )

Cameroon

Afor Josephine

University of Yaounde II ( email )

1365 Yaounde
Yaounde, Center 00237
Cameroon

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