53 Pages Posted: 10 Apr 2010
Date Written: March 2010
The legal origins hypothesis is one of the most important and influential ideas to emerge in the social sciences in the past decade. However, the empirical base of the legal origins claim has always been contestable, as it largely consists of cross-sectional datasets which provide evidence on the state of the law only at limited points in time. There is now a growing body of data derived from techniques for coding cross-national legal variation over time. This time-series evidence is reviewed here and is shown to cast new light on some of the central claims of legal origins theory. Legal origins are shown to be of little help in explaining trends in the law relating to shareholder protection, although the classification of legal systems into English-, French- and German-origin ‘families’ has greater explanatory force in the context of creditor rights. The widely-held view that increases in shareholder rights foster financial development is not supported by time-series analyses. More generally, the new evidence casts doubt on the suggestion that legal origins operate as an ‘exogenous’ force, independently shaping both the content of laws and economic outcomes. It is more plausible to see legal systems as evolving in parallel with changes in economic conditions and political structures at national level.
Keywords: legal origins, law and finance, comparative law, shareholder protection, creditor protection, time series analysis
JEL Classification: G33, G34, G38, K22
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Armour, John and Deakin, Simon and Mollica, Viviana and Siems, Mathias M., Law and Financial Development: What We are Learning from Time-Series Evidence (March 2010). ECGI - Law Working Paper No. 148/2010. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1580120
By John Armour